Academic language is the language used in textbooks, in classrooms, and on assessments. It is different in structure and vocabulary from the everyday spoken English of social interactions and must be taught explicitly.
Basic principles of vocabulary instruction:
C - Connect: Students remember vocabulary when the word is strongly CONNECTED to what they already know and have experienced.
O - Organize: Students remember more information when it is clearly ORGANIZED into meaningful categories
D - Deep-Process: Students remember vocabulary when it is DEEPLY PROCESSED through visual, auditory, physical, or emotional experiences.
E - Exercise: Students remember vocabulary when they are given the opportunity to EXERCISE the mind through strategic review and practice in a variety of ways.